The rotary motion of the disk which has two colored parts of white and black seems to be blend color as gray corresponding to the area ratio of white and black with naked eye observation. However, this rotary motion seems counter rotating or blinking intensely through display media such as the movie and the television. Animators have learned these characteristics of display media from experiences. There is a close connection between motion expression and media of expression. This article focuses on making movement and vision through media and attempts to classify and compare the picture stimulation. To display the animation of rotary motion on media to use as stimulation, a series of freeze-frame pictures made to a continuous shoots, which is a technique of stop motion of cell-animation. The comparisons of the impression between the real movement and the rotary animation are recorded on diagram. The picture stimulations of rotary motion are described as three kinds of types classified by rotation direction, division number of sector and counter rotation of figure-ground. A possibility of quantification and qualitative measurement of rotary motion is brought up based on the result of observation and description of picture stimulations in this article.
- February 14, 2020
トップページに検索窓と更新履歴の設置。『アニメーション研究』第20巻第1号と、『Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal』第14巻第1号、第2号の論文情報を追加。4件の推薦文献リストとそれに伴う新規文献の追加。
This article analyses animated self-portraits created by contemporary young and emerging women in animation, and elucidates significant differences between this new generation of women animators and previous ones. Through their animated self-portraits, the animatrices from previous decades explored their own identity as women and artists, developing new discourses and models for a subgenre that existed from the early days of cinema animation. But the animated female self-portrayal of the new generation comes closer to documentary and has more universal concerns, appealing to a wider audience and reaching theatrical distribution; Marjane Satrapi's feature-length animation film Persepolis (2007) exemplifies this and is a focus of the article.
(From the BOOK Database)
Thirty years have passed since the Beatles broke up. Anything that even slightly involved its four members has been exhaustively documented, analyzed, interpreted, praised, and censured a thousand times over. However, there is one Beatles work we did not have the full picture of before its restoration and rerelease in the fall of 1999. That work: the full-length animated film Yellow Submarine, which opened in British theaters on July 17, 1968 (and in American theaters on November 13 of the same year). The film influenced the styles of the animators, artists, and publicity creators of its time, and is regarded as a model even now. This book brings all the details to light at last.
The fact that I’m compiling this list means that this list will have nothing to do with “academism.” That is to say, I picked books to understand “anime history” and not the history of animation, and I focused on commercial books that probably haven’t gotten much attention in academic circles. However, I excluded my own books, and I also deliberately left off some standard references. The list is in chronological order based on publication date.
- Noriaki Ikeda (ed.), Anime daisuki! Yamato kara gandamu he (We Love Anime! From Yamato to Gundam), Tokuma Shoten, 1982
- Animage Henshubu (Animage Editorial Department), TV Anime 25 nenshi (25 Years of TV Anime History), Tokuma Shoten, 1988
- Eiichi Yamamoto, Mushi puro koubouki – ANI MEITA no seishun (The Rise and Fall of Mushi Productions: The Youth of ‘Ani Metor’), Shinchosha, 1989
- Toei Doga (ed.), Majokko taizenshuu Toei Doga hen (Compendium of Magical Girls, Toei Doga edition), Bandai, 1993
- B-CLUB (138-go) (B-Club No. 138), Bandai, 1997
- Yoshiyuki Tomino, Tomino Yoshiyuki zenshigoto – 1964-1999 (Yoshiyuki Tomino’s Complete Works – 1964-1999), Kinema Junposha, 1999
- Masahiro Haraguchi, Kenji Nagao, Masaoka Akahoshi, Tatsunoko puro insaidaazu (Tatsunoko Production Insiders), Kodansha, 2002
- Sogetsu aato sentaa no kiroku jikko iinkai (Organizing Committee for the Sogetsu Art Center Record), Kagayake 60 nendai sogetsu aato sentaa no zenkiroku (Shine 1960s Complete Record of the Sogetsu Art Center), Film Art Sha, 2002
- Satoshi Kusanagi, Amerika de nihon no anime ha, dou miraretekitano ka? (How has Japanese Anime Been Viewed in America?), Tokuma Shoten, 2003
- Sunrise Kikakushitsu (Sunrise Planning Room), Kisousha, Sanraizu zen sakuhin shuusei I, II (Complete Sunrise Works I and II), Sunrise, 2007
There are quite a few articles examining motions in animation within the field of cognitive psychology. However, there are only a small number of books available. Here, I prioritized readability for non-specialists in motor perception and chose books that would provide a vehicle for people interested in motions in animation, including psychology books—as well as those authored by animation producers—and excluding research articles. Books on the “uncanny valley,” which has recently attracted attention of the selector, included one written in English.
- Yokota, Masao, ed. Animēshon no shinri-gaku, Seishin Shobo, 2019.
- Yoshimura, Hirokazu. Undō genshō no takisonomī, Nakanishiya Shuppan, 2006.
- Ōyama, Tadasu and Sumi, Shigemasa. Mite wakaru shikaku shinri-gaku, Shin'yōsha, 2014.
- Sasaki, Masato. Shinpan afōdansu, Iwanami Shoten, 2015.
- Osaka, Naoyuki. Kansei no kotoba wo kenkyū suru, Shin'yōsha, 1999.
- Hirose, Hideo and Yamaki, Kentarō. Shinpan asobi no hyakkazensho 3 eizō yūgi, Kawade Shobo Shinsha, 1987.
- Mori, Masahiro. Robotto kō-gaku to ningen, Ohmsha, 2014.
- Tinwell, Angela. Uncanny Valley in Games & Animation, CRC Press, 2015.
- Hosoma, Hiromichi. Futatsu no `konosekainokatasumini', Seidosha, 2017.
- Sugii, Gisaburō. Anime to seimei to hōrō to, Wani Books, 2012.
Professor Nakagaki has selected some comparatively recent works from basic literature to provide an understanding of English-language research in animation, mainly focusing on works from the U.S. From a non-fiction account of Walt Disney Studios, based on the perspective of women, to books about Winsor McCay, the Fleischer brothers, United Productions of America (UPA), Pixar, the profession of voice actors and to censorship and the recent trends of animated documentaries, this selection should provide valuable insight.
- Dobson, Nichola, et al eds. The Animation Studies Reader, Bloomsbury, 2018.
- Bukatman, Scott. The Poetics of Slumberland: Animated Spirits and the Animating Spirit, University of California Press, 2012.
- Pointer, Ray. The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer, McFarland, 2017.
- Holt, Nathalia. The Queens of Animation: The Untold Story of the Women Who Transformed the World of Disney and Made Cinematic History, Little Brown, 2019.
- Bashara, Dan. Cartoon Vision: UPA Animation and Postwar Aesthetics, University of California Press, 2019.
- Cohen, Karl F. Forbidden Animation: Censored Cartoons and Blacklisted Animators in America, McFarland, 1998(2004).
- Herhuth, Eric. Pixar and the Aesthetic Imagination: Animation, Storytelling, and Digital Culture, University of California Press, 2017.
- Beckman, Karen, ed. Animating Film Theory, Duke University Press, 2014.
- Lawson, Tim, and Alisa Persons. The Magic Behind the Voices: A Who's Who of Cartoon Voice Actors, University Press of Mississippi, 2004.
- Roe, Annabelle Honess. Animated Documentary, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.