This reference looks at “live posing,” such as the sculpture of David and is useful from the beginner to the advanced level. In addition to providing accurate knowledge about the musculoskeletal structure and its scope of movement, this book also helps the reader notice the importance of “observation.”
This reference uses morphology, a field of physiology, to present methods for observing the human body’s skeleton, muscular structures, and anatomic details. The reader can use the book to learn about the structure of the human body, without much conscious effort, if he or she can imitate the main part of the book while keeping the “Tables of Skeleton and Musculature” visible.
Animation 6 nin no kai. The Animation Book: Basic Knowledge on Drawing Moving Pictures and the Reality of Drawing (rev.ed.), Godo Shuppan, 2010.
This reference has long been used in anime production workplaces. Of particular interest is Chapter 5 (Practical Examples of Movement), which carefully illustrates human movements as well as those of animals (horses, dogs, cats, lions, cows, elephants, birds) and natural phenomena (droplets, smoke).
This book is ideal for understanding timing and spacing, the foundational laws of 3D animation (motion). It deals with classical cartoon styles but also allows beginners in 3D animation to master basic “movements.”
This document explains the very basics of animation in a way that is easy to understand. It is a useful book for anime beginners as well as students who illustrate or draw manga.
Film is often referred to as “the art of light and shadow.” Since this book explains color and lighting, students learning 3D animation, in particular, can use it to create effective images with an awareness of the camera and lighting.
Gilland, Joseph. Elemental Magic, Volume Ⅱ: The Technique of Special Effects Animation, Routledge, 2011.
Though this reference is in English, it illustrates effects for natural phenomena in a way that is extremely easy to understand. This is a very useful book for students of 2D and 3D animation alike. There is a Japanese version and a Kindle version.
Richard, Garvey-Williams. National Geographic: Mastering Composition: The Definitive Guide for Photographers, Nikkei National Geographic, 2017.
“Amazing movement” becomes “beautiful movement” only after it is paired with effective composition. This book analyzes why each image seems beautiful, using cognitive psychology and art theory rather than guesswork and tricks.
To draw vibrant “movement,” it is important to “observe” actual movement. However, reality does not always allow us to “observe.” This reference permits the reader to “observe” whenever and wherever. There is a Kindle version of this book.
Recently, it has become possible to “observe” the movements of animals on the internet, but there are few opportunities to confirm movements of the musculature or bones one by one. This valuable reference enables the reader to “observe” animals whenever and wherever, as with The Human Figure in Motion.